Welcome to
The Digital Viridarium consolationis Project

This website provides open access research materials from Viridarium consolationis ("Garden of Consolation"), a Latin florilegium containing over 1000 Latin quotations from authoritative sources that was compiled in the mid-13th century by a Dominican friar named Iacobus de Benevento.

The text is primarily a revised edition of the version published in 1880 (and mis-attributed to St. Bonaventure) by Luigi Tosti in Bibliotheca Casinensis IV, 263-315, which was transcribed from a 15th-century manuscript: Montecassino, Archivio dell'Abbazia, MS 207. However, a small portion of the text has been transcribed from an earlier manuscript: Modena, Biblioteca Estense Universitaria, MS lat. 1163. This is because Tosti's version, and presumably its manuscript exemplar, lacks two lemmata: 4.2 De patientia and 5.11 De doctoribus sacre scripture. The Modena manuscript was selected for this purpose from the 151 known surviving manuscript copies because it is one of the few extant copies of Viridarium dating from the 13th century, and one of only two manuscripts that attribute it to Iacobus de Benevento (nearly all copies are anonymous), an attribution confirmed by Tommaso Kaeppeli in "Iacopo da Benevento O.P.," Archivio italiano per la storia della pieta, 1 (1951), 463-79.

The d'Este family eagle from the front-cover pastedown in Modena, Biblioteca Estense Universitaria, MS lat. 1163
(reproduced with permission)

The text of this revised edition will be added to the database of the Janus Intertextuality search engine, joining two other Latin florilegia (Manipulus florum and Liber pharetrae) that can be searched with that research tool, by March 2023. By the end of summer 2023 it is expected that it will also be published with the Scholastic Commentaries and Texts Archive (SCTA).


©2020-23 Chris L. Nighman
History Department
Wilfrid Laurier University

The editor gratefully acknowledges financial support for this project provided by an Insight Grant awarded in 2021 by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) for The Digital Auctores Project.
Funds allocated to this portion of the project paid the salaries of four student research assistants who contributed to its development in Summer 2021 (Liam Carley, Naomi Damasco & Caitlin Davidson) and Fall 2021 (Naomi Damasco & Brittney Payer).
Thanks are also due to Googlebooks for the online provision of Tosti's 1880 edition.